1.     The Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (DAHR) is the community of the autonomous territorial, political, social and cultural organisations of Hungarians in Romania. Its main objective is to protect the interests and rights for the Hungarian minority. The DAHR fulfils the task of representation of the Hungarian population both at local and national levels. It coordinates and encourages the different forms of voluntary social organisation. The Alliance assures the freedom of platforms to organize themselves. Any political or ideological group that, through its programme and activity, accomplishes the internal diversity of the Hungarians in Romania without threatening the unity of the alliance is considered a platform. The main objective of the Alliance is based on universal human rights, European Christian values, collective rights of ethnic minorities, the rule of law and the values of civil society and market economy. The Alliance condemns all fascist, communist and totalitarian ideologies and practices as well as anti-Semitism, nationalism and chauvinism. The territorial organisation, platforms and associated members of the DAHR — political, economic, scientific, professional, cultural, religious, youth and other organizations, which accept the programme of the Alliance — take part in the decision making process according to their character.

2.     The Hungarians in Romania belong in the community of Romanian citizens. Under these circumstances, the Hungarian national minority as an indigenous community, considers itself a constituent of the state and, as such, an equal partner of the Romanian nation. Considering its language, ethnic features, national identity, culture and traditions, the Hungarians in Romania including the Chango-Hungraians, the Hungarian speaking population of Moldavia are also an organic part of the Hungarian nation. Centuries old historical and cultural links join them to different nations, above all, to the Romanians and Germans due to long cohabitation. The Hungarians of Romania wish to maintain their national identity; they do not want to emigrate, nor to assimilate into the Romanian nation. They see themselves as a minority exclusively in what concerns their number and consider their motherland as their home, having always contributed to its economic and cultural development.

The DAHR considers the right to motherland as a fundamental individual and collective right. In this respect, it supports the solutions, which maintain, strengthen and augment the Hungarian national community on its motherland.

Due to its historical, cultural and traditional patrimony, the Hungarians in Romania are attached to Transylvania as a historical region, which is, therefore, an organic component of the Transylvanian national identity. Together with the other ethnic communities of the region, they are interested in maintaining Transylvania as a land of cultures equal in value and rank, which complement each other traditionally. In order to attain this goal, it considers determinant the institutional traditions of the Transylvanian nations’ co-inhabitation.

a.      The main interests of the Hungarian national minority, as an autonomous community is interested in:

b.     the access to all the necessary conditions which enable it to preserve its national identity, including the network of its own institutions;

c.      the self-organization and development in all the fields of economy in a transparent economic environment which ensures equal opportunities;

d.     the development of the rule of law, the democratization of the Romanian society, the consolidation and proper functioning of its institutions, the development of market economy, followed by Romania’s integration into the European community;

e.      the development of a normal and harmonious coexistence with the Romanian nation and the other national minorities in order to be able to feel at home in its native country; all these are based on co-ordinate relations among citizens with equal rights, relationships which exclude all forms of discrimination, national exclusiveness or supremacy;

f.       the free cultivation of its relationship with the mother-country and the Hungarians throughout the world.

The accomplishment of these goals is not only to the benefit of the Hungarian national community in Romania but, in a direct or indirect way, it is also on the behalf of all the citizens in Romania.

4.     The DAHR, guided by the principle of internal self-determination, considers its duty to establish a political, economic, social cultural, judicial and administrative framework able to grant full equality of rights, individual and collective rights for the Hungarian national community in Romania as well as for other national minorities. Its goal is the creation of a civil society that ensures a fair level of welfare, security, social justice and freedom for each citizen, as well as the harmonious coexistence with all the Romanian citizens of different nationalities.

Therefor, the DAHR urges the implementation of the following goals concerning the general democratization and modernization of Romania:

a.     the constitutional endowment and effective observance of fundamental human rights and freedoms, such as: the right to life, the right to work or to equitable unemployment pay, professional retraining, as well as regulated working hours and paid leave provided by law, the freedom of expression and the freedom of press, the right to human dignity and to motherland, the freedom of religion and conscience, the freedom of association, the right to participation in public life, the freedom to choose one's own residence, the right to personal freedom and the collective rights of all national minorities, irrespective whether the Romanian government is assumed the responsibility and undertook the obligation for the observance of these rights and freedoms or not;

– consolidation and adequate functioning of the parliamentary state based on the rule of law; establishment and operation of a democratic and pluralist political system fashioned in the spirit of and according to the requirements of European law and order; instilling of the spirit of pluralism, which would allow the respect for different opinions and interests as well as the recognition of the legality of their representation; guaranteeing of the proportionate representation of the Hungarian minority at local and central level;

– the modernization and decentralization of economic structures, the development of market economy based on private property;

– the further support of integration into NATO structures. In this respect, it militates for the establishment of an army formed exclusively of a minimal number of necessary, suitably instructed and equipped regulars. It promotes the mentality which emphasizes the role of military techniques and high-level instruction of soldiers.

– demilitarization of the police, the gendarmerie and the fire–brigade, as well as their subordination to local administrations;

– the broadening of the civilian control over national security organs and the elimination of their nationalist orientation;

– certain measures providing the social security of the citizens, thereby compensating them for the adverse effects of inflation and unemployment; introduction of a social security system; regulations which favour for the effective defence of employees undertaken by the trade unions. The fundamental principle of the social policy of the DAHR is to join social solidarity with the social responsibility of the individual. Social assistance in itself is inexpedient. The needy must also mobilize their energy to improve their situation.

– the creation of a market economy adequate for the establishment of a modern economic structure; decentralization of the economic, cultural and educational institutions;

– the efficient operation of the institutional system of local administrations, local societies and of the self-supporting civil society, in the spirit of the European Charter on Local Government.

b.     The Hungarians of Romania consider the effective defence of the interests connected to the preservation of their identity, the guaranteeing of the related rights, equal chances and necessary means attainable only within the institutional framework of the autonomies established according to the principle of the rule of law.

In this sense the DAHR regards:

·        the Helsinki Final Document of the CSCE (1 August 1975)

·        Recommendation No. 1201 (1993) and Resolution No. 508 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

·        the Final Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Human Dimensions of the CSCE (29 June 1990)

·        the Final Document of the Helsinki Conference of the CSCE (9-11 July 1992)

·        Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National, Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities of the General Assembly of the United Nations Organizations (18 December 1992)

·        the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

·        the Basic Treaty between Romania and Hungary

·        the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (1995, Council of Europe) including the mechanisms which serve the monitoring of their observance as a compulsory standard.

The autonomy is:

·        a principle, which has to be put into practice during the establishment of the institutions of the state based on the rule of law;

·        a right exercised by the national community with the aim to defend, express, develop and preserve its national identity;

·        a means for the Hungarian community of Romania to establish its economic and cultural development in its motherland, to create the economic, political and judicial conditions of its persistence on its motherland;

·        a strategic objective pursued by the DAHR both in its political activity and in its relationship with the organisations of the civil society.

The DAHR wishes to elaborate theoretically, formulate legally and validate through legislation the different forms of autonomy, including the territorial autonomy. It urges the general decentralisation and the application of the principle of subsidiarity. The alliance considers as precedents the positive traditions of the cohabitation of Transylvanian ethnic groups and the exemplary models of autonomy that function in Europe.

The autonomy based on personal principle provides the Hungarians of Romania with a framework to establish their own system of educational, cultural and informative institutions as well as their own system of institutions meant to ensure the preservation of traditions and the protection of monuments. This form of autonomy is exercised by public corporations elected by persons belonging to the Hungarian community. The self-government of the Hungarian national community will come into being through the registration that applies the principle of the free choice of ethnic identity and through general, secret and direct elections held on the basis of the election lists drawn up as a result of the registration.

The administrative units, where the proportion of the persons belonging to national minorities is considerable, are entitled to autonomy exercised by the local administrations with special status, provided that the population adopts the special status through referendum.

The territorial autonomy comes into being as soon as the local administrations form associations in order to promote their common interests.

We consider very important:

·        the development of social conditions that enable each citizen to freely assume, preserve and nurture his ethnic identity, to use his national symbols without being exposed to any kind of social, moral or judicial discrimination;

·        the creation of the legal framework that will allow the free use of the native-language in different areas of social life, in the spirit of the above mentioned international documents;

·        the establishment of an autonomous network of cultural institutions and of a native-language educational network, which comprises all levels and forms of instruction and training of specialists for the Hungarians in Romania;

·        the improvement of the financial, economic, professional and social conditions of the mass media in Hungarian language: its levelling up and the support of efforts which aim at the objective information of the public opinion;

·        the proportional share for the Hungarian national community of the funds allocated for cultural and educational purposes from the state budget;


c.      In the field of the development of forms of harmonious coexistence among Romanian citizens of different ethnic backgrounds:

·        the development of complex inter-ethnic relations that will allow the genuinely reciprocal knowledge of the different ethnic communities;

·        the restraining of all nationalist, chauvinist and anti-Semitic feelings, suspicions, national prejudices and verbal aggressions on each side, and the development of an atmosphere of tolerance towards what is different, as well as of a new public atmosphere inspired by the spirit of social solidarity;

·        the punishment by law of all forms of nationalist, chauvinist and anti-Semitic instigation (for example: unfounded accusations, false rumours, slander, the suggestion of collective guilt, the propagation of racial prejudices, etc.);

·        the management of conflicts of interest, if they arise, through civilized dialogue;

·        the inter-ethnic reconciliation, which can only be achieved after fully equal rights for all Romanian citizens, the abolition of social injustice and ethnic discrimination as well as the reparation of these injustices, the unconditional recognition of the right of national minorities to consider Romania their homeland, so that no one may classify them as second rate citizens.

·        we undertake to seek legal remedy for the injuries suffered by our community, namely the struggle for the judicial and moral rehabilitation of the persons persecuted or forced into political exile after the events of December 1989, as well as after the anti-Hungarian pogrom in March 1990.


d.     In what concerns the cultivation of relations with the mother-nation and the Hungarians around the world:

·        the securing the free circulation of citizens;

·        the further development of existing connections between institutions, organizations and associations and the systematic exchange of specialists;

·        the securing of the unlimited circulation beyond the borders of informative materials.


5.     In compliance with the Electoral Law, the DAHR takes part with equal rights in the Romanian political life. It nominates its own candidates at the parliamentary, presidential and local elections. Its representatives form separate factions in the two chambers of the Parliament. Pursuing the accomplishment of its programme, based on the decisions of its competent bodies, the DAHR might join a coalition with other parties to form the government. It might take part in governing in conformity with the government programme. In opposition, it participates in the activity of the Parliament according to its fundamental principles. In conformity with its political strategy, the specific aims of the Alliance coincide with tasks that have to be accomplished through the general democratization process of the entire Romanian society. On this account, it considers allies all the democratic forces and parties of the Romanian society and cooperates with the organizations of other national minorities. It is unwilling to make unprincipled compromises.

The DAHR plays an active role within the Parliament. Having in mind the interest of the Hungarian national community, the DAHR strives for the fact that laws adopted by the Parliament should serve the democratization of the entire society and meets modern European principles and standards. These principles guide the Alliance in proposing or elaborating draft laws and amendments, as well as in choosing to accept or to reject draft laws. In its attempts to aid the Parliament in finding solutions to our urgent problems, the DAHR hands in amendments. To increase the efficiency of its activity in Parliament, the DAHR collaborates with other democratic parliamentary factions, too.

It considers the local administrations that accomplish local autonomy fundamental elements of democratic renewal. It plays an active role in local administrations, county councils and public services through its elected or nominated officials.

The Alliance supports the establishment and functioning of the self-supporting institutions of the civil society, of the economic and cultural associations that act on their own initiative. It initiates the amendment of laws that are disadvantageous for the organisations of the civil society.

It fosters good relations with the independent Romanian media and searches the possibilities of cooperation in order to provide accurate information about the problems and goals of the Hungarian minority in Romania. The DAHR also issues publications in foreign languages. The basic principle of the DAHR propaganda is the correct information. To encourage inter-ethnic reconciliation, the DAHR supports all initiatives that work to improve ethnic relations (such as: the organization of cultural and other kind of meetings as well as the setting up of Romanian-Hungarian friendship associations). The DAHR collaborates with the Churches in order to coordinate actions; it supports the churches to attain their goal and counts on the support of churches.

In what concerns foreign relations, the DAHR attempts to establish good relations and to collaborate with foreign parties whose political platforms and activity do not conflict with its own basic principles. The aim of these relations is to inform the respective parties of the problems of the Romanian society and of the Hungarians of Romania, to make known their goals and gain moral or other kind of support (such as informational exchange or the exchange of specialists). In its relations with foreign parties, the DAHR maintains complete independence and reserves the right to defend the interests of the Hungarians of Romania. In conformity with its fundamental principles, the DAHR can join different international democratic organizations and alliances in order to contribute, in this way, to the assertion of Christian values on the entire continent and the building of the nations' Europe. Starting from the fact that the problem of the deprivation of fundamental human rights cannot be regarded exclusively as the internal affair of a country, the DAHR collaborates with different international organizations that defend national minorities and human rights. The DAHR insists that these organizations should be allowed to open offices in Romania and supplies these organizations with relevant documents. In order to properly inform the international public opinion, the DAHR fosters contacts with the foreign media, too, and sends representatives to different international congresses and conferences.



The basic principles of the economic programme are:

I. Concerning the society as a whole:

1.     the necessity of the establishment of a modern market economy based on private property;

2.     the gradual decrease to minimum level of the role played by the state in central and local economic life;

3.     the assuring of a social stabilisation that takes into consideration the social sensitivity and endurance;

4.     the development of an economic environment that strongly favours private enterprises;

5.     the transformation of the economy according to the European (international) integration trends.


II. Concerning the society as a whole with respect to the Hungarian community:

1.     the settlement of the property relations, which involves the return of properties, respectively damages, and/or compensation;

2.     the development of a decentralised budget policy, which factually supports minority communities and local administrations;

3.     the assuring of the equality of chances based on the principle of competence for our entrepreneurs regarding the participation in the reorganisation of the economic life and in economic activities at local and national level;

4.     the undertaking of a determined local, national and international representation of the interests of entrepreneurs;

5.     the elimination of negative discrimination for our employees;

6.     the development of economy and infrastructure of areas inhabited by Hungarians, with special regard to the Szeklerland* ;

7.     the support of professional concerns important for our community.


III. Concerning the Hungarian community:

1.     the organising of the economy based on the circulation of information in order to promote the conciliation between the interests of the entrepreneurs and the interests of the community;

2.     the supporting of the graduate and post graduate training of experts in economics; the presentation of the elements of market economy in the media;

3.     internal transparency regarding the sources and the management of the pecuniary means of the Alliance;

4.     guarantees the equitable distribution of foreign aids based on applications valued by special professional boards, in conformity with its mandate.



A. Goals

Considering the above, the goals of the DAHR are:

1.     the development of a modern market economy based on private property;

2.     the gradual cutback on the interference of the state into economic life at local and central level;

3.     the realization of an economic stabilization process which takes into consideration social sensibility and endurance;

4.     the creation of a proper economic climate which encourages the entrepreneurial spirit;

5.     the restructuring of economy by making it compatible with European and international trends;

6.     the settlement of property relations, which involve the return of properties, respectively yhe payment of damages and/or compensation;

7.     the adoption of a decentralized budgetary policy which establishes the functioning of local administrations;

8.     the granting of equality of chances, based on the principle of competence, to all the participants in the restructuring and managing of the economic life;

9.     the development of infrastructure in areas inhabited by Hungarians, assuring of an equitable share from the budget;

10. the promotion of the development of the Szeklerland (eastern part of Transylvania);

11. the assistance of graduate and postgraduate training of economic experts, professional training in economics in Hungarian both at secondary and university level;

12. the support of national communities by sums from the budget allocated to their legitimate representative organisations.


B. Instruments of Economic Policy

I.Economic Restructuring


1. Conversion of Property Forms

1.1. Privatization:

Privatisation must be considered as an instrument, not as a goal. State enterprises must be privatized completely or sold in parts at market price following their prior restructuring.

The objective of privatization is that the state should benefit of revenues not due to its status of owner, but under the form of taxes (WAT).

It is necessary:

·        the speedy privatization by the selling of profit producing economic units; privatization after the liquidation of loss-maker enterprises;

·        the rendering with assets of local public administrations in the process of privatization;

·        the elaboration of a complex system of criteria to select strategic investors; this will contain obligations for the buyers as to: further investments, maintenance or creation of working places, technological renewal, environmental preservation and liquidation of environmental damages, supporting the export-centred industrial production.


1.2 Reprivatization

·        we support and promote total reprivatization, the return in integrum of shops, workshops, mills, hotels, houses, social and educational institutions, pharmacies, church-owned real estates and, in the case of cultural and scientific societies, associations and foundations, the total return of properties; if this is not possible, we urge complete compensation;

·        return in integrum of the property of dissolved, nationalized cooperative societies into the propriertorship of cooperative societies.


2. Economic Policy of Economic Sectors

2.1. Industry

·        in order to ensure long-term planning, the competent ministries need to finalize the strategies of development currently under elaboration concerning all economic sectors by taking into account medium and long-term priorities;

·        it is necessary to elaborate the Law of the Investor that ensures advantages for both domestic and foreign investors;

·        bringing to a stop the production of loss-maker enterprises which are great raw material and energy consumers; their privatization after bankruptcy proceedings in order to facilitate the restructuring of goods meant for domestic and foreign markets;

·        selling at market price of the assets of enterprises which are to be found on the lists of mass privatization, but have a majority state capital;

·        promote the vertical widening of the list of marketed commodities even by bringing it under regulation;

·        transformation of state monopolies into commercial enterprises; creating, at the same time, the conditions necessary for their partial or full privatization;

·        integral restructuring of the energetic sector:

·        elimination of existing monopolistic positions, creation of real competition in this field of industry;

·        promotion of foreign investments in the energetic sector;

·        connection to the European pile-line for natural gas in order to eliminate unilateral dependency;

·        modernisation of technologies in telecommunications, of the manufactural technology used in road and railway construction by the attraction of foreign capital for the realization of infrastructure developing programmes, respectively by the deployment of modern apparatus offered by leasing-societies;

·        support of those sectors which build their activity on the existing natural resources, with special attention to the exploitation of the agricultural production:

·        modernization of the manufacturing technology specific for food industry;

·        revitalization of the agricultural machine manufacturing with the help of an adequate system which is benefic for both the producers and the potential customers;

·        insurance of access to development funds for ventures which facilitate the introduction of technologies that protect the environment and introduce high technology, as well as for those which utilize technical innovations and inventions; support of activities of researches and development; promotion of participation in international programmes;

·        we urge the establishment of joint commercial enterprises between domestic and foreign solid capitals, the promotion of the competitive spirit existing on the unitary European market;

·        establishment of industrial parks, the exploitation of the advantages offered by them, grass root investments with the support of local administrations.


2.2 Agricultural policy

The goals of the DAHR's agricultural policy are to:

·        promote a socially ordered, self-supportive rural society;

·        encourage the economic consolidation, the rise in quality of life based on the realisation of quality production, processing and high-level selling of products as well as the accumulation of capital;

·        promote the vertical widening of the list of marketed commodities even by bringing it under regulation;

·        introduce specific regulations needed for the creation of markets which are able to offer the entire range of goods;

·        create a properly stable and calculable system of relations between incomes and expenditure;

·        promote the acquisition of a modern technical equipment.


In order to achieve the above it is necessary:

·        the creation of a differentiated organisational and running structure by taking into consideration the geographical potentialities (farming on a large scale in certain regions, small or family farms in others);

·        the privatization of state agricultural societies (it is most desirable that it be achieved in a produce-processing-trading chain);

·        the stimulation of the associative agricultural production based on initiative, according to the traditions of free association in the production and selling of goods;

·        the safeguarding, the transparency and the controllability (according to EU and WTO standards); rendering of financial help for small-scale producers (for ex. for animal husbandry);

·        the annulment of the monopolistic position of the state in purchase; organisation of a buying-up system with the assurance of a proper purchase price; establishment of an Agricultural Exchange;

·        the establishment of producer councils, institutions which would promote the specific interests of producers;

·        the establishment and operation of "machinery circles" to administrate the agricultural machinery used in common;

·        the development of village tourism, branch which is connected to the selling of agricultural goods and specific services.

We support the Hungarian Farmer Association of Romania in their endeavour to accomplish their agricultural and rural policy.


2.3 Sylviculture

The primary goal of the DAHR concerning sylviculture is to settle the proprietory rights over forests so that there be forests belonging to the state, local administrations, joint tenants, institutions and private individuals.

Other important objectives:

·        afforestation of deteriorated arable lands;

·        promotion of the production of high value timber and protection of traditional sylviculture;

·        replacement of forestation in cutting area;

·        promotion of timber marketing, development of timber industry.


2.4 Services

We consider the development of services in the present economic situation as a real alternative, compatible with the international trends.

In order to stop the decline of and develop tourism, it is necessary to:

·        regulate tourism in accordance with the standards and the practice of the WTO and EU;

·        create a development fund for tourism, elaborate development plans in collaboration with local administrations, sum up and exploit efficiently the situation of local touristic resources;

·        launch a promotional campaign for the growth of income in foreign currency;

·        elaborate and initiate professional training and vocational extension training in order to increase the level of services in tourism;

·        promote rural, convalescence and youth tourism;


In the field of telecommunications, transport and public utility services we urge:

·        the direction of important budgetary resources towards investments in infrastructure, respectively the increase of the role of private initiative and of the local administrations in the development of the infrastructure. Therefore it is necessary:

·        the concession of building operations for motor highways and their operation;

·        the elaboration of a reasoned traffic policy in accordance with the Central and East European traffic policies;

·        the development of public utility companies by involving private capital, too;

·        the elaboration of regional programmes for the establishment of the drinking-water and sewage network of villages.


II. Budgetary reform

Starting from the present budgetary situation, we consider that by the restructuring of the budget – of both the income and the expenditure sides –, of the concept on the budget, as well as the system of budgetary institutions, the budget must become an efficient instrument of an economic policy which facilitates lasting development of Romania. One of the primary objectives is to maintain the deficit within manageable limits, as well as its reduction at short and long term. Another extremely important criterion is the financing of the budget deficit by avoiding possible inflationary effects.


1. Incomes

Tax policy must facilitate economic growth, the creation of new working places, the development of the entrepreneurial spirit, the improvement of trading by creating a stable and a predictable system for all economic factors.

In order to attain these objectives, it is necessary to restructure the budgetary income defined by the tax policy. The measures to be taken at legislative and executive level are:

·        the reform of the tax system, rendering it transparent with proper regulations;

·        the increase of the contribution of juridical persons within the total sum of the revenue, especially by the increase in the number of taxpayers, on one hand, by the stimulation of the entrepreneurial spirit, on the other hand, by the suppression of black market and tax evasions;

·        the introduction of the personal income tax (savings will be excepted from taxes);

·        the reform of the structure of the taxes: increase of the proportion of indirect taxes on consumption as opposed to that of indirect taxes on income;

·        the cutback on profit taxes and the introduction of an advantageous system of taxes for those productive enterprises which create new places of work or apply new technical improvements;

·        the deregulation of customs tariffs and regulations in accordance with the obligations comprised in international treaties signed and ratified by Romania;

·        the reorganisation of the institutional system (tax offices) authorized to collect and keep a record of the taxes and duties; its modernisation and decentralization.


2. Expenditure

In order to elaborate a budget with a manageable deficit which is able to assure economic development, it is necessary to:

·        restructure the budgetary system and adopt the budget on the following year before the beginning of the new financial year;

·        reduce the financing of oversized and low proficiency budgetary institutions and realize cheap state administration;

·        divide activities which need to be financed from those which are lucrative;

·        decentralize the territorial organisations of central institutions and their transfer into the competence of local administrations;

·        reduce the distributional function of the central budget for the benefit of local administrations;

·        transform certain taxes (tax on personal income) into local taxes;

·        introduce the normative taxation system and observe its binding character;

·        increase the role of the state in public investment (infrastructure, education and research;

·        reform the distribution systems (pensionable salary, health insurance);

·        management of social insurance funds by the implication of the interested social groups.


3. Local finances

It is necessary to pass the Law on Local Finances which would stipulate:

·        the increase of the importance of local budgets;

·        the transfer of financing of local investments into the sphere of authority of local councils;

·        the obtaining of subsidy for public investments through applications;

·        the establishment of the bank of local administrations;

·        the possibility that the population and the private entrepreneurs contribute to the financing of local investments and these sums be written down from their tax.

·        increase of the role assumed by the state in public investments based on a list of priorities, containing major public investments elaborated for three years in advance.


III. Monetary policy, the functioning of the banking system

·        the achievement of the internal and external stability of the national currency and introduction of measures of economic policy to ensure the calculability of its fluctuation;

·        the support and stimulation of promoted economic branches by market economy measures;

·        the liquidation of financial blocking; bankruptcy proceedings followed by privatization;

·        the introduction of efficient measures which create the basis of efficient functioning;

·        the privatization of banks following their prior consolidation;

·        the regulation of the Stock Market and of the extra-Exchange Market, the elimination of the existing restrictions;

·        the regulation of the investment societies.


IV. European integration, external economic relations


·        stimulation of foreign capital influx, preference for strategic investments;

·        amelioration of external economic orientation (increase of the export in developed countries);

·        seizure of the opportunity connected to the asynchronous character of mutual concessions included in the association agreement to the European Union;

·        improvement of Central and East European cooperation relations (CEFTA), not as an alternative but a modality to prepare for the European integration.



Basic principle: under the conditions of market economy, the administration of the human resource must spring from the principles of market economy. One must also take into consideration the requests of human development, both at the level of the individual and the society.


1. Offer of the labour market

The necessities in this field are:

·        the reorganization of the vocational system according to European model: the educational programmes, examinations, authorizations must be transparent and understandable for the persons concerned;

·        the transformation of the training system sensible to the demands of the market as a strategic goal; appr. 30% of the professional training be achieved in state institutions; for the remaining percentage tenders should be invited;

·        the fining of the employers and employees for irregular employment; development and perfecting of institutions specialized in the supervision of the observance of legal provisions; the establishment of the Court of Labour for litigious cases;

·        the full observance of the right to work, together with the regulation of the system of authorizations and qualitative criteria;

·        the creation of favourable conditions for obtaining a place of work for young graduates; granting of assistance for the payment of wages for those employers who hire young people;

·        the establishment of the condition necessary for the international exchange of labour in bilateral and multilateral agreements (system of authorizations, qualitative criteria, right to minimal wage, insurance system);

·        the creation of a taxation system which would stimulate the employers to train and retrain their staff or send their employees to further education training courses;

·        the realization of an agreement between the demand of the labour market and the number of graduates in different fields of activity.


2. Demand of the labour market

·        special attention should be paid during the elaboration of the economic development strategy to the quantity, quality and territorial distribution of the available human resources;

·        the wage policy should reflect in income the efficiency of the production;

·        legally compulsory measures should be taken for the prevention of accidents.


3. Governmental policy on wages

·        establishment of depoliticized minimal wages based on measuring;

·        elaboration of an income tax system which stimulates the creation of new working places;

·        evolution of real wages depending on the proficiency of national economy.


4. Institutions of the labour market

It is necessary to:

·        establish the institutions of social dialogue which create the possibility of dialogue and negotiation in social and economic questions (employees, employers, government); base decision-making on economic rationality;

·        set up labour-market institutions specialized in labour exchange, information and counselling; beside public institutions, private firms should also be present on the market;

·        diminish the risk of losing one's working place; an institution should be set up in order to administer efficiently the contributive fund created for this purpose;

·        set up a public retraining network, creating the possibility of re-education or further education.



                                I.           The prerequisite for the preservation of the national identity of the Hungarian community in Romania and for the training of competitive specialists is the autonomy and modernisation of the educational system. Our goal is to establish the institutional framework and fulfil the professional requirements of a scientific research, which would be a worthy continuation of our rich traditions, as well as the coordination of training and research in higher education.

                            II.           Our educational policy deals with three major fields: the political and civil defence of interests, as well as the coordination of the professional activity developing under the circumstances of the social reform. According to this:

a.      We insist on the general autonomy of educational institutions. Our main objective is: the establishment of the autonomous Hungarian educational system, from the kindergarten to the native language university and the network of colleges covering all areas of professional training. We claim the reestablishment of the Cluj-centered independent Hungarian university as the key-element of this network.

b.     We seek legal remedy for the injuries that affect native language education and its institutional framework. The acceptance and fulfilling of our demands concerning the educational system represent the touchstone of our cooperation with other political parties in Romania.

c.      In accordance with the self-government model described within this programme, we encourage and coordinate all courageous initiatives of high professional level aimed at creating new institutions, enlarging the existent framework and changing the mentality of educators and teachers. 

1.     On national level (parliament, government and Ministry of Education), we consequently assert our endeavour for the ensuring of the complete native language educational network. This aim was listed in the educational programme drafted together with civil organisations dealing with educational matters and adopted by the Council of DAHR Representatives on the 26th of February 1995.

2.     We insist on the operation of four kind of educational institutions: the ones owned and operated by the state, by local administrations, as well as denominational and private ones, because we consider them equally important. Providing the pecuniary means necessary to operate native language educational institutions owned by the state should be the task of the state. As Romanian citizens and taxpayers, we firmly demand that the state subsidize Hungarian language institution(s) of higher education. Churches, foundations and private persons should also be allowed to establish educational institutions. We regard as equitable and we claim that the state take part in the financial supporting of these institutions, too.

3.     We demand that in all our educational institutions all subject should be taught in Hungarian language, except for Romanian language and literature. We argue firmly that in order to get acquainted with the Romanian language and culture, special programmes and textbooks should be elaborated for Hungarian children.

4.     The Ministry of Education and the district educational inspectorates should base their decisions on the number of pupils and forms concerning native language education (in primary, middle and secondary schools, vocational schools, higher education) on the real needs. We claim for the possibility of taking the admission examination in native language to each level of education and to doctoral studies also. We ask for the enlargement of the scope of native language doctoral training.

5.     In accordance with the above listed claims, we wish to see the conditions of modern professional training in public and higher education ensured.

6.     We press for the elaboration of the diploma recognition convention and other educational conventions between Romania and Hungary. Until this is accomplished, we urge for the official acknowledgement of training and degrees obtained abroad.


                         III.           In case of abuses (discrimination, infringements of the law, local autocracy, etc.) that affect the framework of native language education, irrespective of the level on which these have been committed, we make use of the possible forms of civil defence of interests.


1.     We wish to increase the importance of the voice of local societies, local administrations, parents, pupils and joint bodies made up of teachers, parents and pupils as well as the control these can exercise over the affairs of school. We provide assistance and political background for parents if they initiate joint actions in order to defend the rights of their children or to enlarge the frames and the level of education. We lay stress on the interests of children learning in diaspora regions. Chango-Hungarian children, who do not have the possibility to attend Hungarian language schools in Moldavia should have the possibility of learning in Transylvanian schools. We elaborate programmes together with the Moldavian Chango-Hungarian Association for the education of the Chango-Hungarian children in Hungarian language; we support those institutions which achieve this goal.

2.     We support the Alliance of Hungarian Teachers in Romania in their activity of defending and asserting the interests of pupils and schools. We make use of our means of defence of interests if administrative hindrances, or autocratic measures of school principals and educational inspectors prevent recently graduated teachers from earning their existence.

3.     We think that local administrations and entrepreneurs can both play an important role in the financial supporting of educational institutions and the related system of conditions. We insist that in localities with mixed population or with a Hungarian majority the local authorities and the entrepreneurs create the conditions for the settling of the young intelligentsia in the respective locality, with special attention to providing the living conditions for those young graduates who wish to return home from abroad.

4.     In order to preserve our identity, to impart a new impulse to our economic, social and cultural life it is essential to keep the intelligentsia in our homeland. This is why we defend the interests of those young people who study in the country. We found scholarships to be able to support them making use of our own means. We also urge for local social efforts and similar programmes initiated by the local administrations.


IV. A fundamental condition of our activity regarding educational policy is to recognize the autonomy of social organisations, associations dealing with problems of specific areas of instruction. Regarding every level of this policy we consider the continuous conciliation among the Alliance of Hungarian Teachers in Romania, the Bolyai Society, the Hungarian Scientific and Technical Society of Transylvania, the “Erdélyi Múzeum” Association, the Hungarian Economists’ Society of Romania, the Alliance of Hungarian Student Unions, the Alliance of Hungarian Pupils, the “Domokos Pál Péter” Foundation, the Moldavian Chango-Hungarian Association and other bodies very important.


1.     According to the Directives concerning education issued by the DAHR we regard as important the continuous raising of the professional standard and quality on each level of education. According to this we wish to help establishing the harmony and proper division of labour among different associations in order to enable them to find the common denominator in what concerns the system of requirements in education.

2.     A central element of our strategy is the creation of the professional basis of Hungarian language higher education. Until the reestablishment of the Bolyai University we aim to support all the initiatives connected to Hungarian language higher education, the creation of Hungarian language sections and their circumspect development including the training of the teaching staff as well as the conscious planning of graduate and Ph.D. training.

3.     In concordance with the endeavour of all professional institutions dealing with the coordination and management of research programmes, we urge for publishing the research results, papers, volumes of studies and monographs in Hungarian language. We regard as indispensable to provide the proper infrastructure, as well as foreign books and reviews. We consider very important the training of students in order to be researchers and the supporting of young researchers in respect of scholarships and publishing possibilities in all scientific branches.

4.     We endeavour to establish autonomous Hungarian research institution(s) and, until then, we urge for initiating and supporting well founded research programmes. We support and urge researches on minorities, diaspora and the phenomenon of assimilation.

5.     We think that the whole educational system must be reformed. A new, scientifically founded educational mentality, which observes modern requirements and is aimed at fully developing the personality of the child or youngster, has to be introduced. With this purpose, we support the introduction of alternate teaching materials and training forms at all levels of education.

6.     In this respect, we consider suitable the establishment of autonomous Hungarian publishing houses, dealing with the publication of textbooks.



Since culture is the fundamental layer of our identity, the main objective of our cultural policy is the preservation of the capacity of the Hungarian community to create cultural values and the further development of this capacity within institutional frames. Another important objective is the exchange of cultural values among different ethnic groups and the perfection of inter-ethnic partnership relations. Our cultural life is guaranteed by the cultural autonomy.

The norms of cultural autonomy are based on the principle of local administration proposed in the Copenhagen Document. This requires, on the one hand, according to the stipulations of the cultural convention drafted after World War I, the allocation of a fair share from the state, local and regional budgets for supporting the cultural movements of national communities. On the other hand, the organs of local administrations, where the numeric minorities are represented according to their proportion, should take upon themselves a part of the competences of state organs in what concerns education and culture.

This is why, in regions with mixed population, the employment at state and regional cultural institutions of persons belonging to national minorities must be ensured. In this manner any attempt to exclusivism can be avoided. The territorial committees of the Ministry of Culture should employ minority inspectors, the cultural houses should employ managers and professional leaders, the libraries Hungarian specialists, the cultural institutions Hungarian researchers and specialised staff according to ethnic proportion. We follow with special interest the communities threatened by assimilation. We support the cultural aspirations of the diaspora: the distribution of publications and books, the functioning of cultural institutions and amateur artistic groups.

In order to create the material basis of the cultural life that guarantees cultural autonomy, the Alliance expects that the government allocates funds from the budget to the Hungarian community, in a proportional manner; it encourages donations and supports the establishment of cultural societies, associations and foundations.

We encourage and foster our relations with the universal Hungarian cultural life – including Hungarian institutions abroad and those of the Hungarian national minorities, the continuous, reciprocal exchange of cultural values.

In the spirit of cultural autonomy, we nurture the specific traditions of all cultural branches that guarantee our identity and wish to take care of their high level cultivation. We are anxious to build up the institutional system necessary for this purpose.

We support the Hungarian Cultural Association of Transylvania, which coordinates our cultural life and performs the duties connected to the defence of interests as well.

The DAHR urges for the elaboration of the Cultural Statutes of National Minorities, which would provide a state guarantee for exercising cultural autonomy, including the endowment of national minorities’ cultural institutions by the state.

Consequently we fight for the preservation of our native language institutions and also reserve the right to found new ones. We advocate for gaining the possibility to cultivate our culture within state institutions, in areas with mixed population. The state should guarantee:

·        the preservation, enrichment and exhibition of minority collections in (historical, ethnographical and fine arts) museums in the spirit of historical truth, with bilingual or trilingual inscriptions;

·        the enrichment and use of the Hungarian stocks in public libraries; in order to ensure proper operation, employment and training of professional personnel having a good command of the languages of minorities;

·        the ensuring of unlimited access for our researchers and for interested persons to the materials kept in Romanian archives and the restitution of Hungarian language registers of births, marriages and deaths, parochial minutes to their rightful owners;

·        the use of cultural houses for the cultural activities of national minorities under equal terms;

·        proportional share from state funds allocated for the definition, registration, preservation of monuments in order to take care of and restore the monuments connected to the past of the Hungarian minority in Romania;

·        the considering of the opinion of minority experts, namely the “Kelemen Lajos” Society for the Protection of Historical Monuments decision making concerning our monuments.

The Cultural Statutes of National Minorities should stipulate that in each central board of supervision belonging to the network of the Ministry of Culture a representative of the Hungarian minority should also assume a role. This official would be in charge of supervising the implementation of the principles of cultural autonomy, especially in areas strongly manipulated in the past, such as the functioning of the library system and book and newspaper distribution.

In order to overcome the catastrophic lack of specialists in our cultural life, popular education has to be introduced in our system of higher education in order to train professional leaders. The DAHR takes a stand for the reorganising and enlargement of the native language training of musicians, fine artists, actors and directors.

We regard as necessary the reestablishment and original use of the Hungarian names for our towns and villages, memorial and devotional sites. The names of streets should reflect the historical past of the settlements.

On our commemorations and social events, we wish to use our national symbols freely, together with the ones of the Romanian state.

The DAHR urges for ensuring the conditions for the operation of vigorous Hungarian publishing houses. We wish to take part in joint publishing and book exchange actions stipulated in bilateral treaties, considering that everyone is entitled to access to books and publications that correspond to his/her own preferences regarding taste and values as well as to his professional needs. In order to promote the publishing of books in native language, the DAHR wishes to make use of its own funds with the purpose of establishing its network of book distribution and publishing houses.

The DAHR rejects any kind of political or ideological censorship. It supports endeavours that fight against the attempts to reduce democratic public opinion to silence. It contributes to the creation of the modern material and technical basis of the Hungarian press network in Romania, paying special attention to the training of typographer specialists. The DAHR does its best to found its own Hungarian and Romanian language press organs. It takes special care to inform the foreign press about the situation of the Hungarian minority and the activity of the Alliance. It edits and distributes foreign language informative publications.

The DAHR promotes the activity of special committees, and national artistic unions, the free creation of values of our professional artists, urging their recognition and subsidization by the state.

The DAHR insists on the establishment and maintenance of the Hungarian State Museum in Romania and of the Institution for Hungarian Studies in Romania for the comprehensive and specialized research of our national existence and for its professional presentation.



The press is one of the basic factors in maintaining our national identity, as it pertains to the public use of the native language. Beyond the information of the public opinion, our minority mass media has an important role in promoting our national values, as well as of certain regional and general European values. The DAHR supports the Hungarian mass media in filling its part to the full.

In the spirit of the European Charter on Human Rights, the Constitution of Romania, the Charter on Regional or Minority Languages, the declaration and the Manifesto of the International Journalist Association, the International Agreement on television stations that broadcast beyond the borders, as well as in the spirit of other pertaining legal measures and documents, the DAHR militates categorically for the freedom of speech and press, declaring that all democracies are based on the openness of state institutions and the free access to information.

Based on the principle of the free flow of information, the DAHR stresses and safeguards the basic right of the Hungarian community in Romania to free and independent press, radio and television broadcasting. Therefore, it intervenes each time when an attempt is made to limit this right, as far as its content, technical support or distribution is concerned.

At the same time, the DAHR tries to establish relation and maintain dialogue with the legitimate organizations and editorial staffs so that the mass media be able to fulfil its role in forming the community, in controlling the mechanism for the regulation of tensions, as well as in forming the image on reality.

In conformity with the basic principles enumerated above, the DAHR:

·        nurses relations with the Hungarian Journalist Association in Romania and the Newspaper Publishing Association for mutual information and exchange of ideas, having respect for their political non-commitment stipulated in their Statutes;

·        supports the journalists by all applicable means to sustain their work. Urges journalism based on investigation, contributes to the objective presentation of the DAHR’s aims. It accepts the dialogue with the press on the most important questions concerning our national community and the Romanian society.

·        aims at establsihing good relations with the Romanian press and requests that it informs objectively. It bestows special attention to false information or biased comments published on the Hungarian community in Romania and its representative organization in the local or international press; therefore it publishes the rectifications immediately with the required efficiency.

·        coordinates its expectations with the representatives of the Hungarian mass media in Romania in case nominations are made for the leading boards of national mass media institutions.

·        ensures that the Hungarian mass media also benefits of state subsidies at least in conformity with the ratio of the Hungarian national community;

·        fights consistently for attaining a proportional duration of the Hungarian language programmes of local and central radio and television stations with the ratio of the Hungarian inhabitants of Romania and for a more advantageous timing of public radio and television programmes in Hungarian language;

·        has in view an all-day Hungarian language community radio and television programme. In long run, it aims at the establishment of independent Hungarian language community radio and television broadcasting studios.

·        supports the participation of Hungarian editors form Romania in the regional programmes of public media broadcasting from satellite.

·        demands the introduction of subscription to and distribution of foreign (especially Hungarian) publications, books, tape records; it urges the general postal reduction in fares for the expedition of the press by post.



1.     Since our historical churches, besides their natural role, are authentic social organisations preserving the centuries old traditions and the language of the Hungarian minority in Romania, the DAHR wishes to develop and maintain tight connections with them. It considers permanent cooperation important in the elaboration of common strategies, draft bills and programmes for the development of the civil society. The Alliance is equally open towards every church and denomination and respects the freedom of conscience of its members making no distinction whether they belong or not to a denomination. At the same time, it takes a stand for the full accomplishment of religious freedom and the liberty of conscience, for the observance of the autonomy of churches.

2.     The DAHR urges the reconstruction of the right to property on nationalized movable and immovable church properties, the reestablishment of the denominational institutions that have been abolished, the ensuring of the conditions of their operation as well as for state support for the functioning of monastic orders.

3.     Our Alliance, making use of its own means, supports the establishment and participation of new (social, educational, cultural, economic and cooperative) denominational institutions in the cultural life of the country. The DAHR fights for the introduction and authorization of denominational education at all levels from kindergarten to university, at vertical level, and from humanistic to science subjects, at horizontal level.

4.     The DAHR supports the written request of the Chango-Hungarians to benefit of Hungarian language religious instruction and pastoral service on the territory of the Roman Catholic Church District of Iaši.

5.     The DAHR urges the legal settlement of the following religious issues:

·        the abrogation of the law on churches promulgated in 1948;

·        the submitting of the Bill on Worship to the Parliament;

·        the equality of religious denominations;

·        state subsidies for the churches recognized by the state;

·        state salaries for persons employed by the churches;

·        the exempt from taxation for the non profit activity of the churches;

·        the enabling pastoral service within hospitals, prisons and the armed forces according to denominations;

·        the declaration of church festival as public holidays;

·        the restoration of the ecclesiastical monuments according to their historical and architectural value supported from the state budget.



1.     The DAHR considers the Hungarian youth of Romania a special social category, which is able to shape its own fortune. It recognizes the autonomous and independent youth organisations as well as the youth groups formed under the auspices of different educational, cultural and religious institutions as legitimate representatives of the Hungarian youth of Transylvania. The general representative and conciliation body of these organisations is the Hungarian Youth Council of Romania (HYCR). The Federation of Hungarian Youth Organisations, the Alliance of Hungarian Student Unions and the Alliance of Hungarian Pupils are member organisations of the HYCR and partner organisations of the DAHR.

2.     The DAHR undertakes and insists on the joint actions with organisations of the youth. However, it recognizes the rightfulness of the desire that the youth should try to accomplish its goals applying its own means and following its own path.

3.     The federations of the Hungarian youth of Romania are partners both in the activity of the DAHR and in decision making. Therefore, according to their social importance, the youth organisations are represented within the leading bodies of the DAHR.

4.     The DAHR relegates the faculties and subsidies granted for the youth under the authority of the HYCR. The member organisations of the HYCR are entitled to obtain these subsidies and financial aids. The prevailing criterion in redistributing these funds is the principle of territorial representation.

5.     The DAHR’s cooperation with the federations of the Hungarian youth of Romania is a cooperation among self-governing organisations, based on reciprocal respect, and is aimed at solving the occurring problems. At the same time, similar relations should be established at local level between the territorial organisations of the DAHR and the youth organisations.

6.     The DAHR stimulates its member organisations and associations to draw the youth organisations into their work. In the meantime, it urges for and supports the creation of youth organisations with different character, helps them in their activity in order to diversify the organisational life of the youth. Consequently, the DAHR, as the organisation dealing with the defence of interests of the Hungarian community, supports the endeavour of the students towards their self-determination within the frames of the respective educational institutions (e.g. pupils’ councils, pupils’ federations). It also supports the legal regulation of the rightfulness of such initiatives. The DAHR proposes that the new draft budget of the state should include a special item on the funds allocated for the supporting of the operation and development of youth organisations.

7.     The fundamental objective of the youth policy of the DAHR is to create the condition that would allow – through their representative organisations – the youth to take part according to its social importance, in the social, political, economic and cultural life of the country.

8.     From the point of view of long range thinking, it is important for the DAHR to create a cultural arena, which comprises all categories and generations of the youth, to establish youth institutions and offices that function besodes local and territorial institutions which support them. These organisations and institutions are meant to support the youth making use of funds allocated from the local budget.

9.     The prerequisite of the social integration of the youth and of its development into an important social factor are: the ensuring of a multilateral, flexible and modern training; the special subsidies and social aids granted for young people, who continue their studies, establish a family and/or are at the beginning of their professional carrier. Another prerequisite is the creation and support of an organisational framework, which coordinates individual initiatives. At the same time, integration cannot be imagined without creating the conditions for native language education, as well as the development of a modern identity and cultural expression. Therefore we accept and support all those organisations which work for the above enumerated goals.



Fundamental principles:

1.     According to the standpoint of the DAHR, the widest possible autonomy and the maximal decentralisation of power should stand at the basis of the life of local administrations.

2.     The activity of local administrations should be regulated and conducted according to the stipulations of the European Charter on Local Governments.

3.     According to the principle of subsidiarity, the right of local communities and citizens to take part in the decision-making that would affect their lives, has to be ensured.

4.     Maintaining close connections with the population and the complete transparency should be basic features of the activity of local administrations.

5.     The Alliance supports the active participation of the youth organisations in local elections and their nomination on the lists of the DAHR.

6.     The officials, who have been elected to local administrations on the lists of the DAHR should accomplish their activity in the spirit of the Programme, the Statutes and the relevant official documents of the Alliance.

7.     The officials who work in local administrations and in territorial organisations of the DAHR should cooperate tightly in order to fulfil the programme of the DAHR.

8.     According to the sphere of action assumed by the DAHR as an organisation dealing with defence of interests in the activity of local administrations, the interests of the settlement and the community must be coordinated with tasks connected to the defence of the interests of the minority.

9.     The local administrations have to develop good relationships with the churches and cooperate with these in areas of common interest.

10. The Alliance bases the elaboration of its overall programme and the plan of action concerning local administrations. On the draft programmes elaborated in cooperation with the territorial organisations, parties, platforms and local government officials.


Fundamental objectives:

1.     The amendment of those laws and regulations, which are inconsistent with the principle of the autonomy of local administrations or comprise discriminatory provisions in respect of national minorities. This regards first of all Law no. 69/1991 (on Local Administrations). Nevertheless, we wish to amend Law no. 18/1990 (on Landed Properties) and several provisions concerning language usage, education, health-care, etc. The amendments are formulated in the spirit of the European Charter on Local Governments, Recommendation No. 1201 and other relevant international documents. An important task of our activity in Parliament is to initiate or to press for the adoption of legislation necessary for the effective work of local administrations.

2.     Our Alliance intends to elaborate a framework programme, which would allow and serve as a model for elaborating local plans of action dealing with urban development, minority protection, privatisation, sylviculture, compensation, environmental protection, etc.

3.     The Alliance urges for and supports the elaboration of concrete plans regarding minority protection that differentiate between the specific problems of ethnic Hungarian groups living under various circumstances. In order to achieve this, we support the programmes that could serve as a model for the activity concerning minority interests the for the local administrations in regions where the Hungarians are the local majority. Specific programmes have to deal with the problems of the Hungarian communities who live in regions with mixed populations or make up only a small part of the population.

4.     The Alliance, together with the Council of DAHR Mayors and Councillors, elaborate a programme on preparation of the local elections, with the professional training and selection of future officials.

5.     The Executive Presidium organises professional consultative programmes and other events together with the local administrations.

6.     The Executive Presidium surveys the system of partner settlements and elaborates proposals for useful forms of cooperation and, at request, manages the existing relationships, tries to establish new contacts and develop new forms of cooperation.

7.     The Alliance supports the association of local administrations and the effective forms of regional and international cooperation.

8.     Within the frames of the planned administrative reform, the Alliance urges for:

o       the reorganising of the communes

o       the reduction of the sphere of authority of prefectures so that the regions be able to take gradually charge of – beside the development of economy and infrastructure, and environmental protection –the majority of the administrative functions at the level of settlements. Special attention must be directed to the establishment of small areas and the consolidation of regions.



1.     The fundamental objective of our social policy is the achievement of existential security, the ensuring of the minimum of subsistence and the prevention of general pauperization. We urge for the introduction of economic and social measures in order to ease the burdens carried by persons with low incomes.

2.     We struggle for the development of political and economic circumstances in which the employee obtains a decent wage and the intellectual work is also fully acknowledged. We urge that the defence of interests both of the producers and the consumers be undertaken. We encourage small and medium size businesses, which create new jobs, as well as the creation/insurance of those economic and juridical conditions that stimulate and help their establishment. Under the circumstances of growing unemployment, we wish to initiate professional courses, besides the possibilities provided by the government to teach trade to people trained for other work. We consider our permanent duty to improve the system of unemployment relief, with special attention to people, who are at the beginning of their career and cannot find a job.

3.     The DAHR wishes to pursue a consistent policy concerning family and demographics, especially because of the fact that our ethnic proportion is continuously decreasing due to the scale emigration. We have to pursue informative work in order to encourage people to have and raise children, as well as against the phenomenon of raising a single child, even under the continuously worsening economic circumstances. In this respect we wish to cooperate with the churches, educational, health care and juridical institutions. We support any conception that ensures advantages for families with children (preferential system of taxes; advantageous, preferential, long-term loans; a fair system of benefits for families with children).

A priority of our social policy is the improvement of the living conditions of the youth, large families and retired persons.

4.     Our basic principle concerning housing is that every person has the right to minimal living conditions and to a separate house or flat — if possible his own property. We consider indispensable the reprivatization of nationalised immovable prope rties (houses and flats). Some categories of pulation, especially the youth, have to face severe housing problems. We hold for a priority of social policy the improvement of housing conditions. We believe that ensuring advantageous loan conditions for young people, who are at the beginning of their carrier in order to allow them to build houses, is an urgent matter.

5.     We consider necessary to reorganize our system of social insurance. The social insurance should not be a state monopoly. Special care has to be taken of retired persons: the lowest pension has to be kept above the level of subsistence; everybody should be entitled to a basic pension that has to be supplemented by a pension proportional to the persons former accomplishments. The preservation of the real value of pensions must be ensured.

We pledge ourselves to solve the problems of old people, beyond the mere improvement of their living conditions. We have to defend our elderly against pauperization, solitude and the lack of perspectives. We urge for initiatives aimed at aiding the needing ones. These initiatives can be state, denominational and private. We regard the development of a social protection network as necessary in order to help the needy, who live under the level of subsistence, lonely old people and the disadvantaged persons. To be able to achieve this, comfortable homes for the elderly and special schools for training social nurses have to be established. Urban transit should be free for citizens above 70 years of age. The needy should obtain free social care and medicine.

6.     The DAHR lays stress on the problems of handicapped persons. A regulation is needed that would create the equality of chances for handicapped persons; an educational programme could present the problems of these persons and contribute to the emergence of proper solidarity among citizens.

7.     The DAHR urges for modernisation of the national health care system, including the development of health care for minorities. We wish to put into practice the right of the patient to choose his physician freely. The Alliance wishes to draw the attention of the society of physicians that, during the following hard years, it will have to fulfil the moral duty of serving the people. It urges for all creative endeavour aimed at preventing the emigration of physicians, especially of the young ones. We insist on the reform of the system of social insurance. We do not perceive social insurance as state monopoly, therefore we support the establishment of civil organisations dealing with reciprocal aid among citizens.

8.     In order to improve the health care system, the DAHR supports the creation of groups of patients, who reciprocally help each others, and the functioning of medical groups dealing with their care. It holds for appropriate the establishment of a diagnosis and cure network that corresponds both to the territorial distribution of the minority population and to the requirements of the era. We count on the contribution of the churches and of charitable institutions. We still insist on the reestablishment of hospitals formerly owned by the churches.

9.     In the opinion of the DAHR, the severe insufficiencies of our health care system cannot be eliminated without the creation of an effective voluntary network, which should function under the auspices of the medical staff and of the churches. This network should tackle the following tasks: taking care of lonely patients, the pastoral care of patients, the clarification of the questions of modern family planning, as well as combatting of nicotinism, alcoholism and drug use.

10. Prepares the evidences necessary for the functioning of charitable institutions.



The regional policy of the DAHR aims at:

1.     the establishment of a policy for the development of economy and institutions which would take into consideration the specific patrimony of local Transylvanian societies, the demands of the national communities living there, as well as their traditions concerning the establishment and administration of institutions;

2.     the elaboration of a specific and active policy for the development of localities at all the levels of administration which would agree with both the principles of the regional and cohesive policy of the European Union and the historical characteristics of the Transylvanian network of localities;

3.     the preparing Transylvania for the development which is guided, beside the characteristics and necessities springing from the broadening of the Union, by the use of community funds provided by frontier and transfrontier programmes and European institutions, too;

4.     the realization of a modern infrastructure which lays stress on highways connecting the cities of Transylvania via Hungary with the regions of the Union; therefore, the construction of the Budapest-Bucharest motorway which connects Oradea with Cluj and Brašov and crosses the Szeklerland is of major importance;

5.     the establishment of Transylvanian alliances of local administrations with powerful capacity in the representation of interests to:

o       intervene efficiently in the interests of a continued decentralization process;

o       represent the specific interests of Transylvanian micro-regions;

o       elaborate and implement independent regional and/or departmental development strategies;

o       bring the local communities into the globalization processes so that they contribute to the assumption of the role of Transylvania – as a specific historical region of Central-Europe – played in the integration of Romania into Europe.

In the representation of the regional interests of Transylvania, we consider the Romanians and the other national communities of Transylvania as strategic partners.



1.     The Alliance expresses our fundamental interest towards the preservation of the natural unity and balance of our ecological system as well as towards its restoration based on strategic priorities. We support the creation of other protected areas, the insurance of the nonpolluting development of the artificial medium (localities) by the elaboration of draft bills and alternatives for town-planning.

2.     The DAHR supports environmental protection measures that are in concordance with relevant international standards and conventions. For this purpose, it insists on the cooperation of the countries interested in the preservation of the ecological balance of the Carpathian Basin. It also urges for the signing and observation of relevant inter-state conventions and the elaboration of new ones.

3.     We support the establishment of a National Environmental Protection Authority subordinated to Parliament. This authority should effectively supervise the norms of environmental protection and control the quality of our environment with the help of territorial Environmental Protection Inspector's Offices. In what concerns the natural reservations and national parks, we propose the creation of boards of directors, subordinated to the National Environmental Protection Authority. These boards would deal with the administrative, scientific and touristic problems of reservations and parks. We do not agree with the practice of making from the environment protection tasks a competence of an office in a ministry. Such a measure would allow any government to subordinate the policy of this office to his own economic conceptions. The pondering and assertion of environmental protection criteria should precede decisions concerning economy.

4.     We consider necessary the elaboration of a new law on environmental protection, which would correspond to European standards. This law should mirror the connections and dynamic balance between living and lifeless systems. We have to regard the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere and their living microcosm as a unitary whole. The biological balance between man and environment has to be restored according to this principle; the production has to be made environment friendly; the artificial urban environment has to be humanised.

The law should stipulate:

a.      the carrying out of studies concerning environment protection prior to approving any industrial or agricultural establishment, or operating, potentially pollutant industrial, agricultural and urban service enterprise, in order to avoid the damaging of the ecological system;

b.     research aimed at developing environment-friendly technologies that produce less waste, the elaboration and application of these technologies; re-examination of pollutant industrial enterprises;

c.      the rational use of mineral and, generally, of natural riches;

d.     the applying of natural methods in the cultivation of plants and of lengthy methods in sylviculture;

e.      the elaboration of plans for the protection of landscapes, which could provide an effective protection for our historical and artificial environment; this could ensure the preservation of our villages, communes, historical parts of towns, castles, churches, old economic buildings and industrial monuments, sentenced to destruction in the near past;

f.       the establishment of new national parks, reservations, areas of landscape protection; the mapping of endangered species and their protection;

g.      the elaboration of norms concerning poisonous substances, defence against noise and radiations, as well as their observation in each area of production;

h.      the severe punishment against those who infringe the regulations concerning environment protection;

i.        the processing of industrial and household waste in order to stop irresponsible waste depositing;

j.       the elaboration of country-planning programmes which ensure an efficient protection for our artificial and historic medium; by reducing the damages in the environment, they would protect our historical monuments starting from the churches and ending with the economic buildings of our historical villages, communes and cities;

k.     the elaboration of programmes which facilitate and urge to the observance of environmental provisions; the enforcement of heavy fines;

We accept and support all the civil organisations which assume responsibility in the above mentioned issues.

5.     The development of an active form of behaviour in what concerns environment protection is conditioned by the extension of the ecology education to each educational level, from kindergarten to university. In this respect, the DAHR uses both institutional resources and opportunities offered by the mass media.

We urge the introduction of ecology as a subject in schools, as well as the environmental education and instruction; we support the activity of self-organizing ecologist groups. In order to render ecological education efficient, proper specialist training must be ensured. The help of domestic and international foundations must be used in this purpose. The acquisition of thorough knowledge must be made possible under the form of foreign extension courses as well.



The EU integration strategy elaborated in conformity with the criteria adopted by the Council of Europe at its 1993 meeting in Copenhagen and the “Agenda 2000” (government programme), must evaluate the economic and political situation of Romania and finalize the schedule for the integration talks.

A clear strategy must be elaborated so that Romania be adequately prepared for integration and to catch up with her delay. Therefore we urge:

1.     the elaboration of a coherent strategy which takes into consideration the opinion of the commission of the European Union. The strategy must indicate the priorities of the forthcoming period;

2.     the elaboration and passing of a package of bills on the bases of European norms;

3.     the implication of the civil society in the integration process;

4.     the creation of a separate chapter in the budget for European Integration, divided among ministries; elaboration of rigorous conceptions on the efficient use of these funds;

5.     the elaboration of a special regional strategy;

6.     the promotion of a more determined policy in trans-frontier cooperation between border regions;

7.     the launching of subregional programmes in conformity with the bilateral treaties signed with neighbouring countries; these can contribute to the economic development of border regions.

The DAHR considers important that the European Union annul the compulsory visa system for Romanian citizens. This system is disadvantageous for Romania as compared to other associate states.



The DAHR performs the defence of interests and the public representation of the Hungarian community in Romania together with different autonomous territorial, political, social, professional organisations (Hungarian Economists’ Society of Romania, Hungarian Farmer Association of Romania, Hungarian Cultural Association of Transylvania, Erdélyi Múzeum Association, Hungarian Scientific and Technical Society of Transylvania, Alliance of Hungarian Teachers in Romania, Alliance of Hungarian Labourers in Romania, Union of Hungarian High School Students in Romania, Alliance of Hungarian Student Unions, Moldavian Chango-Hungarian Association, Bolyai Society, etc.) and supports their activity.

The DAHR supports the cooperation of its member organisations with similar Romanian and foreign organisations.

The DAHR is determined to cooperate tightly with organisations of other ethnic minorities living in Romania and initiates the taking of a common stand regarding certain matters.

The DAHR does not commit itself unconditionally, to any political organisation. The relationship between the DAHR and the Romanian political parties, as well as the relationship between the DAHR and the government is determined by the attitude of these parties and the government to the democratisation process of the country, including the safeguarding of minority rights, the political system before 1989 and the exemplary punishing of the persons responsible for the genocide committed in December. We intend to continue having a constructive dialogue with the political parties that fulfil the requirements above and accept the idea of forming a coalition with them.

The Alliance claims its share of power through its members appointed or elected to a position in central or local authorities. It holds that the appointment of Hungarian officials to central or local authorities and administrative organs should be based on proposals made by the Alliance.

Concerning legislating activity, the DAHR deputies and senators are bound to observe the principles and objectives of the programme adopted by the congress.

We foster relationships with the mother nation, with Hungarian minorities living in other countries, and with other national communities living in Europe. Under certain circumstances, we join international organisations and unions.

The DAHR, as the representative of the Hungarian minority in Romania, endeavours to contribute in effect to the development and consolidation of the good neighbour policy between Romania and her neighbouring countries, to the cultural and political rapprochement between Central Eastern European peoples and thus, the European integration process. We support the establishment of contacts between settlements in different countries and, consequently, the establishment of partnership relations between towns, villages and counties. In our opinion, it is necessary for the Hungarian community in Romania to be linked to universal Hungarian life both through institutional and personal contacts. An important means to achieve this is the establishment of new Hungarian consulates in Romania.

We attach special attention to the activity of the Hungarian Permanent Conference which promotes the relation among the Hungarian communities of the Carpathian basin, as well as to the institutionalization of this cooperation. The DAHR assumes an active role in the realization of the goals set up at the establishment of the Hungarian Permanent Conference.

The Alliance strives for the development of the Helsinki process, supports the idea of elaborating and adopting a European charter on the protection of minorities. It establishes international contacts, represents itself in international forums and at events concerning minority problems.


Adopted by the 6th Congress of the DAHR

Miercurea Ciuc/Csíkszereda, the 15-16th of May 1999