Miris document ID: 1005488675809
Simunek et alii vs. Czech Republic
Author: UN-Human Rights Committee
Language: English
Source: The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Country: Czech Republic
Category: quasi-judicial decision
Government level: International
Guiding principle: In examining whether the conditions for restitution or compensation are compatible with the Covenant, the Committee must consider all relevant factors, including the authors' original entitlement to the property in question and the nature of the confiscations. The State party itself acknowledges that the confiscations were discriminatory, and this is the reason why specific legislation was enacted to provide for a form of restitution. The Committee observes that such legislation must not discriminate among the victims of the prior confiscations, since all victims are entitled to redress without arbitrary distinctions. Bearing in mind that the authors' original entitlement to their respective properties was not predicated either on citizenship or residence, the Committee finds that the conditions of citizenship and residence in Act 87/1991 are unreasonable. In this connection the Committee notes that the State party has not advanced any grounds which would justify these restrictions. Moreover, it has been submitted that the authors and many others in their situation left Czechoslovakia because of their political opinions and that their property was confiscated either because of their political opinions or because of their emigration from the country. These victims of political persecution sought residence and citizenship in other countries. Taking into account that the State party itself is responsible for the departure of the authors, it would be incompatible with the Covenant to require them permanently to return to the country as a prerequisite for the restitution of their property or for the payment of appropriate compensation.
Date of judgement: 1995-7-31
Document number: CCPR/C/54/D/516/1992
Official version: yes
Edition number: CCPR/C/54/D/516/1992
Legally binding: no
Subject areas: non-discrimination
Minority groups: all
Related laws: 87/1991

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